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HOW TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT CONTAMINATION AND THE DANGERS OF "REGISTERED" PESTICIDE USE/MISUSE
The EDF's chemical scorecard @ http://www.scorecard.org lets you know what polluters are dumping in your area and how a community ranks in terms of pollution.
The following internet web sites have volumes of free information on pesticides:
Go to U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP), Fact Sheets on New Active Ingredients. Contains comprehensive information on conventional pesticide active ingredients, including year of initial registration, chemical family. U. S. producer, application sites, types of formulations, methods of application, application rates and toxicilogical characteristics. Fiscal years 1998 and 1999 are available. OPP will expand this page to include more new active ingredients, as well as those registered in previous years. Status of Pesticides in Registration, Reregistration and Special Review, 1998 U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. Provides status of pesticides that are undergoing or have completed pesticide registration or review process as mandated by Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act. Lists "new" pesticide active ingredients, those initially registered since November 1, 1984, which by law are not subject to reregistration. Available at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides. 458 pp. For hard copies contact National Center for Environmental Publications and Information (EPA/NCEPI), P. O. Box 42419, Cincinnati, OH 45242-2419, phone: 1-800-490-9198; fax: 1-513-489-8695.
Office of Pesticide Programs - Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (BPPD)
The BPPD is responsible for the regulation of all biopesticides in the Unites States. This web site includes a definition of biopesticides, regulatory activity, active ingredients, Federal Register notices, press releases, publications and a related Internet resources section. The regulatory activities section breaks down biopesticides regulations by all types including active ingredient approvals, tolerance applications, and experimental use applications. Fact sheets are also available from the home page.
Pesticide National Synthesis Project
The Pesticide National Synthesis Project is part of the U. S. Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA). The project's objective is the long-term assessment of the status of and trends in the quality of the Nation's water resources. The web site includes a project overview; national summaries and data concerning pesticides in water; special topics, such as contaminants in fish hormones; national maps of pesticide use, and on-line publications from the NAWQA Pesticide Studies Program. The web site includes a search feature, pesticide-related links and a National Map of the NAWQA Study Units.
Virginia Tech Pesticide Programs, Pesticide Site Locator
The Virginia Tech Pesticide Program offers this extensive database of pesticide-related internet resources. Select a source or topic area, like Government Information Sources, Organizations and Educational Institutions, Pesticide News and Newsletters, and Pest Control Product Manufacturers and Other Commercial Sites, to choose from hundreds of possible resources. This database is fully searchable by keyword or subject. Visit, too, the Virginia Tech Pesticide Program web site, available at http://www.vtpp.ext.vt.edu/. This site serves as a clearinghouse for technical information on pesticides and other toxic chemicals. Find information on pesticide education and training programs, pesticide safety teaching resources, and surveys of pesticide use in Virginia.
Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA)
The Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is a Canadian government regulatory agency which "protects human health and environment by minimizing risks associated with pest control products while enabling access to pest management tools." The web site is available in English and French and includes contact information for pesticide programs, regulatory information, international activities information, sustainable pest management data, online publications, related links and a headlines section.
This site, offered by the Chemical and Pharmaceutical (C&P) press, provides access to the free and subscription-based reference services of their online Crop Protection Reference Manual. The free service provides the most current versions of product labels and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) available to C&P Press. Documents can be located by brand and company name. In addition to the product labels and MSDSs, a subscription allows access to a single source of product summaries (including all sites and pests on which the product is registered, EPA registration information, restricted use information, common name, etc.), worker protection information, DOT shipping information, and SARA Title III reporting information. A one-month free trial of this subscription service is available.
The PAN Pesticide Database is the largest and most comprehensive online collection of pesticide data in the world, providing detailed information (at no cost to the user) for about 5,400 pesticide active ingredients, breakdown products, and related chemicals. The database also contains information on more than 100,000 formulated pesticide products (current and historic registrations) from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Where available, the database provides information on toxicity, regulatory status, aquatic ecotoxicity, and general identification information, including an extensive list of synonyms. Comprehensive documentation defines terms used and cites the sources of the information, along with its currency, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.
It is listed as DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2000-130 of July 2000 (may have been updated since) and is both Windows and Mac compatible. It contains the following databases:
Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health Concentrations
International Chemical Safety Cards
NIOSH Certified Equipment List
NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
OSHA Sampling and Analytical Methods
Recommendations for Chemical Protective Clothing
Specific Medical Tests Publishes for OSHA Regulated Substances
Toxicologic Review of Selected Chemicals
2000 Emergency Response Guidebook.
You can get it by phoning 1.800.35NIOSH or at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/
Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning - 540988001 (208 pgs.) Call 1-703-305-7666 or
1-800-490-9198 to order from the Certification and Worker Protection Branch of the EPA, Office of
Pesticide Programs. or view the publication directly on the EPA
"This access to comparative data in a single place is an important breakthrough for the environmental justice movement," said Gerald Torres, a law professor at the University of Texas and former U.S. Justice Department official. "For the public at large, it will make it possible to see differentials in environmental burdens in our society, not just where those problems are already obvious but place by place throughout the country."
Torres is coauthor, with Professor Lani Guinier, of a forthcoming book on race and politics from the Harvard University Press.
"Environmental justice is important, sensitive, and hard to measure," said Environmental Defense senior attorney David Roe. "We are putting the best measurement data we can find out into public view, so people can see a local picture no matter where they live."
The new service, available in English and Spanish, represents the first time that local level environmental data have been analyzed across the country to show the differences experienced by several different demographic groups, such as people of color and low income families.
"These are first cut data only," Roe cautioned. "The best numbers available today are very far from being perfect measures of the environmental burdens that different people experience - and of course, numbers can't tell the whole environmental justice story. But systematic data on the `where' and `how much' of unequal environmental conditions, even if imperfect, will help focus attention and set priorities in this critical area of public policy."
The resource book Hazardous Chemicals in Human and Environmental Health. will be available from 6/1501 onwards as an electronic version free of charge at the IPCS website, http://www.who.int/pcs. The file is full-text html and can be printed. International Programme on Chemical Safety.
The natural Resources Defense Council has launched a website devoted to environmental contaminants in breast milk. It can be accessed at: http://www.nrdc.org/breastmilk/
The Rachel Carson Council, Basic Guide to Pesticides, is now available at: http://members.aol.com/rccouncil/ourpage/samples.htm .
NEW resources on-line at PAN UK
Reducing pesticide hazards in developing countries
A widely-praised series of publications on Control of Pesticides and Integrated Pest Management (IPM): Implementation of Farmer Participatory IPM and Better Chemical Management is now available on-line (www.pan-uk.org/internat/intindex.htm). PAN UK developed the material to guide policy makers in governments and development agencies, and others concerned about pesticides. The materials include:
Progressive Pest Management: Controlling pesticides and implementing IPM (24pp). A booklet recommending a strategy on: establishing control of pesticides; reducing use, risks and dependency on pesticides; and taking action for IPM.
Pest Management Notes a series of short (4-page) briefings, which will be periodically supplemented, now includes:
Guide to Active Ingredient Hazards This tabulated guide to over 1,000 active ingredients provides a
quick reference point for chemical names, types, uses, acute toxicity (WHO classification), the Acceptable
Daily Intake, reproductive and chronic effects, endocrine disrupting pesticides, environmental effects,
national regulation, inclusion in the PIC Conventions known evaluations.
Resource guide to pest management topics, agencies, web sites and databases (32pp). Topics provides a quick guide to commonly-used terms. Agencies lists major international bodies, NGOs, research institutes, industry contacts. Computer resources offers fully updated web-links and on-line databases.
Country profiles: the state of IPM and chemical management in Africa (34pp), provides an overview and information on selected African countries. The profiles include details (current to 1999) of projects which contain a strong element of participatory IPM.
Information will be added to and up-dated periodically.
This material was produced with the support of, and for use by, the European Commission.
The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard was approved by the 28th World Health Assembly in 1975 and has since gained wide acceptance. When it was published in the WHO Chronicle, 29, 397-401 (1975), an annex, which was not part of the Classification, illustrated its use by listing examples of classification of some pesticidal active ingredients and their formulations. Later suggestions were made by Member States and pesticide registration authorities that further guidance should be given on the classification of individual pesticides. Guidelines were first issued in 1978, and have since been revised and reissued at 2-yearly intervals.
The document is arranged as follows:
Part I: The Classification as recommended by the World Health Assembly. This part is not subject to
periodic review and the classification table and text can only be changed by resolution of the World Health Assembly.
Part II: Guidelines to Classification. Individual products are classified in a series of tables, according to the oral or dermal toxicity of the technical product, and its physical state. The tables are subject to review periodically.
The toxicity values are intended to be a guide only. Formulations should be separately classified using the methods set out on pages 3 (single technical product) and 6 (mixtures) and the table in Part I. To assist in the classification of formulations, an annex is now provided giving numerical tables from which the classification may also be derived.
Comments on Part II of the document are welcome, together with proposals for new entries. These should be addressed to the International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland, and should include supporting data on the compound being commented on or proposed.
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